Umrah (ﻋﻤﺮﻩ) ialah menziarahi Baitullah di Makkah dan melakukan ihram, tawaf, sa’i dan bertahallul mengikut tertib.
Umrah adalah fardhu seperti Haji. Ini adalah pendapat al-Imam as-Syafie r.a. yang al-Azhar. Ijmak Ulama mengatakan bahawa hanya wajib dilakukan sekali sepanjang hayat bagi orang yang mampu kecuali orang yang bernazar, maka dia wajib memenuhi nazarnya.
Dalil daripada al-Quran ialah firman Allah Taala: Dan sempurnakanlah ibadat Haji dan Umrah kerana Allah (Al-Baqarah 196).
Sabda Nabi yang diriwayatkan Ibnu Majah, Al-Baihaqi dan sanad yang sahih daripada Aisyah r.a. katanya:
Aku berkata : “Wahai Rasullah,apakah wanita wajib berjihad?”. Sabda Baginda: “Ya, jihad yang tiada peperangan padanya iaitu haji dan umrah”.
Niat Ihram, Tawaf dan Sa’i tidak boleh dilakukan di mana-mana tempat lain melainkan di tempat yang ditetapkan. Iaitu niat ihram di Miqat, tawaf 7 pusingan mengelilingi Kaabah di dalam Masjidil Haram dan bersa’i 7 kali bermula di bukit Safa dan berakhir di bukit Marwah. Terakhir sekali bertahallul iaitu bercukur atau mengunting rambut sekurang-kurangnya 3 helai selepas itu, segala larangan dalam Ihram menjadi halal sepertimana sebelum beliau berihram.
Beza Umrah dengan Haji ialah Umrah boleh dilaksanakan sepanjang tahun tetapi Haji hanya boleh dilakukan pada bulan haji sahaja, dan hari kemuncaknya ialah pada hari Tasyrik 9, 10, 11, 12 di mana jemaah berkumpul di Padang Arafah dan Mina.
Pada zaman sekarang Kerajaan Arab Saudi menetapkan mana jemaah umrah mestilah mengikut muassasah umrah dan memohon visa umrah melalui agensi umrah. Tiada lagi permohonan Visa umrah dapat dilakukan di Kedutaan Arab Saudi secara individu.
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Starbucks Corporation is an American espresso affiliation and bistro chain. Starbucks was developed in Seattle, Washington in 1971. Starting at 2018, the affiliation works 28,218 zones far and wide.
Starbucks is viewed as the real administrator of “second wave espresso”, at first disengaging itself from other espresso serving scenes in the US by taste, quality, and client experience while progressing faintly stewed espresso. Since the 2000s, third wave espresso producers have focused on quality-disdained espresso clients with hand-made espresso subject to lighter dishes, while Starbucks these days utilizes robotized coffee machines for proficiency and thriving reasons.
Starbucks locales serve hot and cold refreshments, entire bean espresso, microground minute espresso known as VIA, coffee, caffe latte, full-and free leaf teas including Teavana tea things, Evolution Fresh presses, Frappuccino drinks, La Boulange warmed items, and snack including things, for example, chips and wafers; two or three responsibilities (counting their yearly fall dispatch of the Pumpkin Spice Latte) are rare or unequivocal to the area of the store. Different stores sell pre-bundled sustenance things, hot and cold sandwiches, and drinkware including mugs and tumblers; select “Starbucks Evenings” domains offer blend, wine, and treats. Starbucks-brand espresso, cemented yogurt, and packaged cold espresso drinks are in addition sold at business parts.
Starbucks first ended up helpful in Seattle in the mid 1980s. Notwithstanding a covered up budgetary downturn with its undertaking into the Midwest and British Columbia in the late 1980s, the affiliation experienced reestablished achievement with its path into California in the mid 1990s. The first Starbucks zone outside North America opened in Tokyo in 1996; abroad properties starting at now develop for all intents and purposes 33% of its stores. The affiliation opened a customary of two new areas well ordered some spot in the extent of 1987 and 2007.
On December 1, 2016, Howard Schultz declared he would leave as CEO persuading April 2017 and would be supplanted by Kevin Johnson. Johnson foreseen the action of CEO on April 3, 2017, and Howard Schultz surrendered to wrap up Chairman Emeritus sensible June 26, 2018.
The first Starbucks opened in Seattle, Washington, on March 31, 1971, by three extras who met while they were understudies at the University of San Francisco: English educator Jerry Baldwin, history teacher Zev Siegl, and essayist Gordon Bowker were enlivened to sell uncommon espresso beans and gear by espresso cooking specialist Alfred Peet after he showed to them his style of singing beans. Bowker overviews that Terry Heckler, with whom Bowker declared a propelling office, thought words starting with “st” were inconceivable. The facilitators conceptualized a synopsis of words starting with “st”, and finally met up on “Starbo”, a mining town in the Cascade Range. Beginning there, the get-together explored “Starbuck,” the name of the central mate in the book Moby-Dick.  Bowker communicated, “Moby-Dick didn’t have anything to do with Starbucks unmistakably; it was basically surprising that the sound appeared to look great.”
The first Starbucks store was orchestrated in Seattle at 2000 Western Avenue from 1971– 1976. This bistro was later moved to 1912 Pike Place. Amidst this time, the affiliation just sold singed entire espresso beans and did not yet blend espresso to sell. Amidst their first year of development, they increased green espresso beans from Peet’s, by then started getting expressly from creators
Starbucks Course of action and improvement
In 1984, the main proprietors of Starbucks, driven by Jerry Baldwin, obtained Peet’s. Amidst the 1980s, complete thoughts of espresso in the US were falling, yet offers of claim to fame espresso broadened, forming 10% of the market in 1989, separated and 3% in 1983. By 1986, the affiliation worked six stores in Seattle and had insignificantly started to sell coffee espresso.
In 1987, the essential proprietors sold the Starbucks chain to past supervisor Howard Schultz, who rebranded his Il Giornale espresso outlets as Starbucks and immediately extended. Around a comparative time, Starbucks opened its first locales outside Seattle at Waterfront Station in Vancouver, British Columbia, and Chicago, Illinois. By 1989, 46 stores existed over the Northwest and Midwest, and yearly Starbucks was stewing more than 2,000,000 pounds (907,185 kg) of espresso.
At the time of its first freedom of stock (IPO) on the cash related exchange June 1992, Starbucks had 140 outlets, with a pay of US$73.5 million, up from US$1.3 million of each 1987. The affiliation’s reasonable worth was US$271 million at this point. The 12% bit of the affiliation that was sold raised around US$25 million for the affiliation, which empowered a copying of the measure of stores all through the going with two years. By September 1992, Starbucks’ offer cost had ascended by 70% to more than various events the pay per offer of the earlier year.
In July 2013, over 10% of in-store buys were made on client’s telephones utilizing the Starbucks application. The relationship to make certain used the adaptable stage when it actuated the “Tweet-a-Coffee” progress in October 2013. On this event, the progress in addition included Twitter and clients had the capacity to buy a US$5 favoring voucher for a pal by entering both “@tweetacoffee” and the sidekick’s handle in a tweet. Research firm Keyhole viewed the movement of the battle and a December 6, 2013, media article ordered that the firm had discovered that 27,000 individuals had taken an interest and US$180,000 of buys were made to date. Starting at 2018, Starbucks is arranged 132nd on the Fortune 500 synopsis of the best United States relationship by pay.